By Harikrishna Kundariya, eSparkBiz Technologies

The tech world is ever evolving. With new frameworks and languages being added nearly day-after-day, it’s unattainable to study and use all of them in your tasks. Out of the quite a few languages and frameworks accessible available in the market, some actually shine out and go away others behind. Two such applied sciences are Node.js and PHP. While one is a server-side language, the opposite is a taste of JavaScript that introduces many new options.

While beginning a brand new mission, it’s usually laborious to find out which know-how to decide on, and because of this, issues might be delayed. Don’t fear; right this moment, we are going to make a head-to-head comparability of the 2 finest applied sciences for backend growth. By the top of this text, you may absolutely know which know-how you must use and when you must use it. So, let’s get began by realizing Node.js and PHP.

What Is NodeJS And Who Uses It?

Node.js is a server-side growth framework based mostly on JavaScript. It leverages OOPs functionalities of JavaScript and permits you to run JavaScript code on servers. Node.js is often used with specific.js, which is a framework for Node.js growth. When each of those are mixed, they increase JavaScript’s capabilities to the subsequent stage.

The first model of Node.js was launched in 2009, and since then, all JavaScript builders have cherished it. It permits builders to construct internet purposes by leveraging the data of just one language-JavaScript.

Node.js is kind of well-liked, and massive manufacturers like Uber, Netflix, LinkedIn, and plenty of extra use it to energy their backend programs.

What Is PHP, And Who Uses It?

PHP is without doubt one of the earliest server-side scripting languages. It is the language that modified internet growth and launched dynamic web sites to customers. It was created in 1995 and shortly grew to become well-liked.

The broadly used WordPress CMS is predicated on PHP, and nearly 43% of internet sites on the web are powered by WordPress, which makes PHP a strong and broadly used language.

PHP is utilized in internet growth for Wikipedia, Facebook, Slack, MailChimp, and plenty of different high-performing purposes.

Having recognized the fundamentals about each these applied sciences now could be the time for a head-to-head comparability. So, let’s discover out which of those is healthier for backend growth.

Head-To-Head Comparison Between NodeJS And PHP

Learning Curve

To study backend growth, one must know various things like databases, OS ideas, networking, REST APIs, and frameworks. But if you happen to study the technical ideas nicely, studying every little thing turns into extra manageable.

Learning Node.js is straightforward for many builders as they have already got expertise in JavaScript. There is hardly any developer on the earth who has by no means used JavaScript. As JavaScript is straightforward to study, Node.js can be comparable. If ES6 JavaScript, it’s fairly simple to select up Node.js ideas. You can study the fundamentals of JavaScript in two weeks, after which you can begin constructing purposes.

On the opposite hand, PHP is a wholly totally different language. Learning PHP could be a bit difficult and complicated at occasions if you happen to do not use the fitting sources. Moreover, it additionally will take extra time. You have to start out from the very fundamentals and transfer as much as PHP frameworks to start out constructing sensible server-side purposes.

Today Node.js is kind of well-liked and studying a trending know-how will at all times assist you. Plus, you possibly can study it in a short while and begin constructing your purposes.


Performance is an space the place Node.js shines brightly. It is thought for its event-driven and non-blocking IO mannequin. This mannequin actually permits uninterrupted execution of person requests, and they’re served in actual time. Node.js is event-driven, that means code is executed based mostly on totally different occasions. The non-blocking IO mannequin ensures that the principle thread is rarely blocked, and requests are served every time they’re acquired.

If a request must entry any file or database, it’s sidelined until it completes the duty robotically, and the principle thread goes on to serve the next request. Once the earlier request is executed, the response is shipped to the person. This manner, Node.js can serve extra requests in a short while, and this displays a big increase in its execution velocity.

On the opposite hand, PHP additionally has vital efficiency, nevertheless it lacks the non-blocking IO mannequin, and that retains it under Node.js when it comes to efficiency. PHP waits for the whole execution of a request earlier than it serves the opposite request.

If you might be constructing mission-critical purposes and need real-time execution of person requests, Node.js is the way in which to go. On the opposite hand, if you’d like good efficiency however don’t require real-time execution of requests and a few delay is appropriate, PHP is an efficient choice too.

Security Features

PHP is a safer server-side framework because it comes with in-built options that help you create safe and unhackable programs. In Node.js, you might be answerable for implementing security measures in your internet purposes. While this could be a good selection because it permits you to customise each safety side of your software, it additionally makes software growth slower.

PHP’s safety functionalities include the language, and this makes it comparatively simple to combine and use the perfect security measures in your internet purposes. PHP has route safety, SQL injection prevention, XSS safety, and plenty of different options that make it safer than the opposite contender. Though it’s attainable to implement all this in Node.js, too, it simply takes extra time.

Database Support

Database assist could be a figuring out issue when you find yourself in search of backend growth applied sciences. Both these applied sciences assist a number of databases, and they’re fairly totally different in nature.

Node.js is of course extra inclined towards NoSQL and Graph databases. This implies that it’s simple to make use of NoSQL databases like MongoDB, CouchDB, and AWS DynamoDB with Node.js. You can also construct graph-based databases with Node.js by utilizing Neo4j. Node.js additionally helps relational databases, however it’s not as polished as NoSQL databases. You can use all main RDBMS together with your Node.js apps, however you may require extra configuration and code.

On the opposite hand, PHP’s database assist is towards SQL-based relational databases. It works nicely with RDBMSs like MySQL, PostgreSQL, SQLite, and MariaDB.

If you need to use NoSQL databases, it’s higher to go along with Node.js. But if you happen to select to work with conventional SQL databases, PHP is the know-how you must select.

Community Support

Community assist is important in terms of constructing software program options with any know-how. Here PHP can have a lead when it comes to self-help materials as it’s a language that has spent greater than 20 years on the earth.

PHP has glorious documentation, and there are a lot of questions and solutions on programming boards that assist you remedy nearly all points that you could be face whereas constructing PHP internet purposes. Moreover, it has sufficient libraries and plugins to lower your growth time. You can simply add them to your code and get the fundamental functionalities prepared with out writing a lot code.

On the opposite hand, Node.js has essentially the most in depth open-source libraries and module repositories. The NPM repository has nearly all kinds of options accessible within the type of ready-to-use libraries and modules you can set up and use in your tasks effortlessly. Moreover, Node.js additionally has vital group assist in programming boards, and you may remedy a lot of your points by simply referencing these options. There are ample self-help tutorials, articles, and different stuff, and the language documentation is fairly good because it covers all of the issues.


Coming to the top, each applied sciences have their set of strengths and weaknesses. It actually boils right down to the wants of your backend programs. If you need to construct extremely scalable and real-time backend programs with NoSQL databases, for that it is advisable know in regards to the options of Node.js and PHP intimately. But in case you are constructing safe, SQL-based, and easy backend programs on your internet purposes, you must select PHP.

Author The Author

Harikrishna Kundariya is a marketer, developer, IoT, Chatbot, and Blockchain savvy designer, co-founder, and Director of eSparkBiz Technologies, a software program growth firm. His 10+ expertise permits him to supply digital options to new startups based mostly on IoT and Chatbot.


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